Neon Kratos

To Neon Kratos

“To Neon Kratos” (“The New State”) was the semi-official ideological journal of the 4th of August State, through which the regime tried to promote the ideas of its intellectuals on politics, social philosophy, history and art (plastic arts, music, theatre, literature). The […]

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900_ioannis-metaxas

Metaxas – conservative, reactionary or reformist?

Ioannis Metaxas has been described as a conservative and as a reactionary force against the reformist activity of Venizelos. But, is that true? The truth is that while in office, Metaxas was responsible for some of the most important and innovative […]

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900_tagmata-ergasias

The Labour Battalions (Τάγματα Εργασίας)

The Labour Battalions (Greek: Τάγματα Εργασίας, Tagmata Ergasias) was a short-lived paramilitary organization manned by unemployed Greeks during the quasi-fascist 4th of August regime in Greece (1936-1941). It was created as the initiative of Kostas Kotzias, the deputy minister of […]

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third-hellenic-civilization

The Third Hellenic Civilization

In the campaign of Metaxas for a “new Greece”, his attempt to consolidate the shape of the “Third Hellenic Civilization” held a primary place. This concept aimed at the long-term elevation of the Greek race and the fullfilment of Greece’s historical mission […]

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greek-economy-metaxas-1930s

The economic policy of the 4th of August regime

In 1936, the Greek economy was in a precarious state, running a budget deficit of 844 million drachmas and dependent on a constant stream of ever-growing foreign loans. The rate of unemployment in the country was high: in a country of about […]

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