900x575-booklet-greek-soldier

The booklet of the Greek soldier

These are a number of scans of a booklet issued to the Greek Army. The booklet is 8x11cm in size and contains 64 pages plus font and back cover. Called “Σημειωματαριον του Στρατιωτου“ (“The soldier’s booklet”), it contains a wealth […]

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King George b 2 ii greece athens

The celebrations of August 4, 1936

A day just like today, 82 years ago, a 4th of August, Ioannis Metaxas established his regime. As a commemoration, August 4 became a day of national holiday and throughout the dictatorship it was celebrated with massive rallies and festivities all […]

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metaxas politician mass parade greece

Why did Metaxas not have a mass party?

One of the most remarked features of the Metaxas regime was that the 4th of August state, unlike Nazi Germany or Italian Fascism, Greek fascism did not have a mass party. Indeed, while many interwar authoritarian or totalitarian regimes were supported by strong […]

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eon girls

25 miscellaneous pictures of the EON

The EON (Ethniki Organosis Neolaias) was one of the greatest creations of the 4th of August state. Metaxas believed that the Greek youth should be indoctrinated in the eternal Hellenic values to enable them to create the ‘Third Hellenic civilization‘ […]

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greek-boy-scouts-metaxas

The EON against the Scouting movement

Like other European countries, Greece was swept up in the 1930s by a strongly nationalist sentiment, and a fascist regime was established in 1936 by General Metaxas. As in Germany and Italy, the Metaxas dictatorship established a youth organization, the Ethniki Organosi Neolaias (EON, […]

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greek-pagan-metaxas

Pictures from the 1939 Festival of Water

These are 50 pictures taken from an almost pagan Festival which took place near Marathonas dam, Greece, in 1939 under Metaxas. It was called “Festival of Water” (“Η γιορτή του νερού”) and dancers performed a number of dances and rituals […]

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venizelos metaxas

Metaxas vs Venizelos: A clash of titans

The political differences between Metaxas and Venizelos dominated the Greek political scene and divided Greece for nearly thirty years. The contrast in the personality of the two men couldn’t be starker. Venizelos was mercurial, charismatic, clannish, tribal, imperious and autocratic. Possessing […]

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