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Why did Metaxas not have a mass party?

One of the most remarked features of the Metaxas regime was that the 4th of August state, unlike Nazi Germany or Italian Fascism, Greek fascism did not have a mass party. Indeed, while many interwar authoritarian or totalitarian regimes were supported by strong […]

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The EON against the Scouting movement

Like other European countries, Greece was swept up in the 1930s by a strongly nationalist sentiment, and a fascist regime was established in 1936 by General Metaxas. As in Germany and Italy, the Metaxas dictatorship established a youth organization, the Ethniki Organosi Neolaias (EON, […]

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Pictures from the 1939 Festival of Water

These are 50 pictures taken from an almost pagan Festival which took place near Marathonas dam, Greece, in 1939 under Metaxas. It was called “Festival of Water” (“Η γιορτή του νερού”) and dancers performed a number of dances and rituals […]

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venizelos metaxas

Metaxas vs Venizelos: A clash of titans

The political differences between Metaxas and Venizelos dominated the Greek political scene and divided Greece for nearly thirty years. The contrast in the personality of the two men couldn’t be starker. Venizelos was mercurial, charismatic, clannish, tribal, imperious and autocratic. Possessing […]

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king george ii greece

King George II of Greece

George II (Greek: Γεώργιος Βʹ, 1890–1947) was the eldest son of Prince Constantine of Greece and his wife, Princess Sophia of Prussia. George pursued a military career, training with the Prussian Guard at the age of 18, then serving in […]

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alexandros koryzis

Alexandros Koryzis

Alexandros Koryzis (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Κορυζής, 1885 – April 18, 1941) was the Prime Minister of Greece who replaced Metaxas after the latter’s death in early 1941, but he is mainly remembered as the prime minister who chose to kill himself […]

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