king george ii greece

King George II of Greece

George II (Greek: Γεώργιος Βʹ, 1890–1947) was the eldest son of Prince Constantine of Greece and his wife, Princess Sophia of Prussia. George pursued a military career, training with the Prussian Guard at the age of 18, then serving in […]

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alexandros koryzis

Alexandros Koryzis

Alexandros Koryzis (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Κορυζής, 1885 – April 18, 1941) was the Prime Minister of Greece who replaced Metaxas after the latter’s death in early 1941, but he is mainly remembered as the prime minister who chose to kill himself […]

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The persecution of minorities

Although the nationalist discourse of the 4th of August regime did not contain any aggressive or imperialistic resonance towards neighbouring countries, it did have a strong supremacist rhetoric concerning minorities in Greece, and most ethnic and religious minorities underwent hardships under Metaxas’ rule. […]

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bodosakis metaxas gpcc pyrkal

The Greek arms industry under the 4th of August regime

One of the main drivers of the economic boost the Greek economy experienced under Metaxas was the armaments industry, which became Greece’s biggest industry and second largest export. At the center of this industry was the GPCC, the Greek Powder and Cartridge Company also […]

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Ioannis Metaxas Greece

Ioannis Metaxas – The epitome of the Greek spirit

Though a fascist by conviction and a former general, Metaxas despised his fellow-dictator Benito Mussolini, whom he viewed as little more than a theatrical windbag. Trained in the German authoritarian tradition, Metaxas was nonetheless an ardent patriot who made no secret […]

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