The political and diplomatic background to the Metaxas dictatorship

This essay focuses on the diplomatic and especially on the political background in Greece that predated the establishment of Metaxas’ dictatorship. The author analyzes and assesses the events that took place in Greece between 1932 and 1935, just before the coup d’êtat. He also considers the responsibilities of the Greek two main parties, the Liberals and the Populists, for the collapse of democracy in Greece, and how they provided an ideal excuse for General Metaxas to nominate himself Prime Minister of an authoritarian regime with fascist leanings.

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