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Metaxas, Women, and the Nation

Until we secure mothers of conscience for Greece, we must emphasise the family order . . . . As the family is the basic cell of every society, mothers also constitute the primary foundation of society. (Neolaia, July 1937) The compounded impact of the […]

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The collaborationist purge of the Metaxas regime

After the Wehrmacht invaded Greece on the spring of 1941, a new quisling Greek government was created in Athens headed by General Georgios Tsolakoglou, the army commander who had signed the armistice with the Germans. Although Joachim von Ribbentrop, the German […]

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The booklet of the Greek soldier

These are a number of scans of a booklet issued to the Greek Army. The booklet is 8x11cm in size and contains 64 pages plus font and back cover. Called “Σημειωματαριον του Στρατιωτου“ (“The soldier’s booklet”), it contains a wealth […]

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ioannis metaxas

Ioannis Metaxas in 10 points

Metaxas’ ghost still haunts many in Greece. His historiography is often plagued by partisan politics and interpretations, which do not contribute to the true grasp of his personality and his regime. In this context, the following article about Metaxas and […]

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The celebrations of August 4, 1936

A day just like today, 82 years ago, a 4th of August, Ioannis Metaxas established his regime. As a commemoration, August 4 became a day of national holiday and throughout the dictatorship it was celebrated with massive rallies and festivities all […]

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25 miscellaneous pictures of the EON

The EON (Ethniki Organosis Neolaias) was one of the greatest creations of the 4th of August state. Metaxas believed that the Greek youth should be indoctrinated in the eternal Hellenic values to enable them to create the ‘Third Hellenic civilization‘ […]

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The EON against the Scouting movement

Like other European countries, Greece was swept up in the 1930s by a strongly nationalist sentiment, and a fascist regime was established in 1936 by General Metaxas. As in Germany and Italy, the Metaxas dictatorship established a youth organization, the Ethniki Organosi Neolaias (EON, […]

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Pictures from the 1939 Festival of Water

These are 50 pictures taken from an almost pagan Festival which took place near Marathonas dam, Greece, in 1939 under Metaxas. It was called “Festival of Water” (“Η γιορτή του νερού”) and dancers performed a number of dances and rituals […]

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The Greek arms industry under the 4th of August regime

One of the main drivers of the economic boost the Greek economy experienced under Metaxas was the armaments industry, which became Greece’s biggest industry and second largest export. At the center of this industry was the GPCC, the Greek Powder and Cartridge Company also […]

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