Ioannis Metaxas Greece

Ioannis Metaxas – The epitome of the Greek spirit

Though a fascist by conviction and a former general, Metaxas despised his fellow-dictator Benito Mussolini, whom he viewed as little more than a theatrical windbag. Trained in the German authoritarian tradition, Metaxas was nonetheless an ardent patriot who made no secret […]

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The 4th of August – Towards a corporatist state

Metaxas’ willingness to stake the country’s social stability on the German option made it a condition sine qua non that the regime be able to gather some degree of popular support, or at least prevent the people from turning against […]

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konstantinos-maniadakis

Konstantinos Maniadakis, the Greek Himmler

Konstantinos Maniadakis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Μανιαδάκης) was a Greek Army officer and politician who became notorious as the formidably efficient chief of the internal Security Services of the 4th of August Regime (1936–1941). He was born in Sofiko, Corinthia, on 25 July […]

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μεταξας-ιωαννης

John Metaxas – A short biography

John Metaxas (Greek Ιωάννης Μεταξάς, April 12, 1871 – January 29, 1941) was a Greek General and the Prime Minister of Greece from 1936 until his death. Born in Ithaca but grown in Kefalonia, John Metaxas was a career soldier, first […]

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The Metaxas dictatorship

Petty politics in Greece and the so-called National Schism divided Greek politics and society in the mid-1930s. A number of coups d’état and sudden changes of governments led King George to choose General Metaxas to head a new government in 1936. […]

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