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Was the 4th of August regime really fascist?

One usual debate about the Fourth of August regime is whether it was a fascist regime. In rough numbers, about one third of historians consider it ‘fascist’, while the other two thirds consider it ‘authoritarian’, ‘quasi-fascist’, ‘radical conservative’ and so […]

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Archaeology under Metaxas

This article is part of a paper examining the interplay between archaeology and dictatorship in the context of the Greek experience. This particular part is related to the period of fascism in Greece (1936-1941). The picture of Greece in the […]

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Censorship in the 4th of August State

The 4th of August State implemented strict censorship policies through the so-called Ministry of Press and Tourism. It is noteworthy to notice that Metaxas created this ministry just a couple of weeks after establishing its regime on August 4, 1936. […]

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Metaxas’ early years

Ioannis Metaxas was born in Ithaca on April 12, 1871. His family roots traced back to the Byzantine nobility based in Constantinople. The head of the Metaxas family was Markos Antonios, who was advisor and co-warrior of the Byzantine emperor Konstantinos Palaiologos. After the […]

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In Memory of Ioannis Metaxas

On January 29, 1941 one of Modern Hellas’ greatest leaders, Ioannis Metaxas, passed away. Born on the island of Ithaki (Ithaca) on the 12 of April 1871 and raised in Kefalonia, Metaxas was a student at the Military Academy in […]

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John Metaxas: Bone and Gristle

In Belgrade last fortnight a German medical specialist boarded a fast Greek military plane for Athens. The chief surgeon of the British Mediterranean Fleet was rushing simultaneously in the same direction. Both were bound for the bedside of Greece’s Premier, […]

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Greece and Romania in 1939

In this article, Professor Cristian Muntianu explains the relationship between Metaxas’ Greece and Romania in the wake of the WW2. The ending of ’30 years represented for Europe and for the world the outbreak of the Second World War. In this […]

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