metaxas politician mass parade greece

Why did Metaxas not have a mass party?

One of the most remarked features of the Metaxas regime was that the 4th of August state, unlike Nazi Germany or Italian Fascism, Greek fascism did not have a mass party. Indeed, while many interwar authoritarian or totalitarian regimes were supported by strong […]

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venizelos metaxas

Metaxas vs Venizelos: A clash of titans

The political differences between Metaxas and Venizelos dominated the Greek political scene and divided Greece for nearly thirty years. The contrast in the personality of the two men couldn’t be starker. Venizelos was mercurial, charismatic, clannish, tribal, imperious and autocratic. Possessing […]

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The persecution of minorities

Although the nationalist discourse of the 4th of August regime did not contain any aggressive or imperialistic resonance towards neighbouring countries, it did have a strong supremacist rhetoric concerning minorities in Greece, and most ethnic and religious minorities underwent hardships under Metaxas’ rule. […]

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bodosakis metaxas gpcc pyrkal

The Greek arms industry under the 4th of August regime

One of the main drivers of the economic boost the Greek economy experienced under Metaxas was the armaments industry, which became Greece’s biggest industry and second largest export. At the center of this industry was the GPCC, the Greek Powder and Cartridge Company also […]

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Ioannis Metaxas Greece

Ioannis Metaxas – The epitome of the Greek spirit

Though a fascist by conviction and a former general, Metaxas despised his fellow-dictator Benito Mussolini, whom he viewed as little more than a theatrical windbag. Trained in the German authoritarian tradition, Metaxas was nonetheless an ardent patriot who made no secret […]

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900_metaxas-moltke

Little Moltke

This is an article by Gray, LC on Metaxas published on the “Current History and Forum” newspaper, New York 52.4 (Nov 26, 1940):

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The developments leading to Metaxas’ death

Even foreign historians with a knowledge of the Greek language and access to official sources or even personal interviews with people who lived through the events at the time, have fallen victim to their sources prejudices or the inaccuracies of […]

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