king george ii greece

King George II of Greece

George II (Greek: Γεώργιος Βʹ, 1890–1947) was the eldest son of Prince Constantine of Greece and his wife, Princess Sophia of Prussia. George pursued a military career, training with the Prussian Guard at the age of 18, then serving in […]

Read more »
metaxas-persecution-ethnic-minorities-greece

The persecution of minorities

Although the nationalist discourse of the 4th of August regime did not contain any aggressive or imperialistic resonance towards neighbouring countries, it did have a strong supremacist rhetoric concerning minorities in Greece, and most ethnic and religious minorities underwent hardships under Metaxas’ rule. […]

Read more »
900_kostas-kotzias

Kostas Kotzias – The man behind Metaxas

Konstantinos “Kostas” Kotzias (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος “Κώστας” Κοτζιάς) was one of Metaxas’ closest collaborators. He was born in Athens on 17 May 1892, the son of a famous merchant called Georgios Kotzias. He studied law in Athens and Rome, and worked […]

Read more »
greek-boy-scouts-metaxas

The EON against the Scouting movement

Like other European countries, Greece was swept up in the 1930s by a strongly nationalist sentiment, and a fascist regime was established in 1936 by General Metaxas. As in Germany and Italy, the Metaxas dictatorship established a youth organization, the Ethniki Organosi Neolaias (EON, […]

Read more »
EON greek fascist youth Metaxas

Remebering the ceremony of the first EON phalanx

This is the English translation of an article published in a French newspaper about the swearing ceremony of the first phalanx of the EON, the National Youth Organization, under the presidence of Metaxas. Yesterday at noon, in the presence of the […]

Read more »
eon girls

25 miscellaneous pictures of the EON

The EON (Ethniki Organosis Neolaias) was one of the greatest creations of the 4th of August state. Metaxas believed that the Greek youth should be indoctrinated in the eternal Hellenic values to enable them to create the ‘Third Hellenic civilization‘ […]

Read more »
opposition metaxas

Opposition against the Metaxas regime

With the exception of his late months of life, Metaxas was never extremely popular, and the regime he established in 1936 was not either. But Metaxas enjoyed some sort of social acceptance or even support, and because of this, he could withhold the most powerful seat […]

Read more »
1 2 3 4 16